[177][178] The number of fungi recorded from New Zealand, including lichen-forming species, is not known, nor is the proportion of those fungi which are endemic, but one estimate suggests there are about 2,300 species of lichen-forming fungi in New Zealand[177] and 40% of these are endemic. [356] Golf, netball, tennis and cricket have the highest rates of adult participation, while netball, rugby union and football (soccer) are particularly popular among young people. [329] Most early English literature was obtained from Britain, and it was not until the 1950s when local publishing outlets increased that New Zealand literature started to become widely known. [352] Since 1994, Freedom House has consistently ranked New Zealand's press freedom in the top twenty, with the 19th freest media in 2015[update]. Following concerns that the South Island might form a separate colony, premier Alfred Domett moved a resolution to transfer the capital from Auckland to a locality near Cook Strait. The two main islands (the North Island, or Te Ika-a-Māui, and the South Island, or Te Waipounamu) are separated by Cook Strait, 22 kilometres (14 mi) wide at its narrowest point. On New Zealand's South Island, the largest city is Christchurch, with a population of around 400,000 residents, making it the third-largest city in the country. There is no official all-numeric date format for New Zealand, but government recommendations generally follow. [328], Māori quickly adopted writing as a means of sharing ideas, and many of their oral stories and poems were converted to the written form. Australia and New Zealand population is equivalent to 0.39% of the total world population. Currently, 86.8 % of the population of New Zealand is urban (4,150,968 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in New Zealand is 18 people per Km 2 (47 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 263,310 Km2 (101,665 sq. [228] Exports account for 24% of its output,[151] making New Zealand vulnerable to international commodity prices and global economic slowdowns. Population: In 2017, New Zealand had an estimated population of close to 4.8 million. Population. [272] There was also significant Dutch, Dalmatian,[273] German, and Italian immigration, together with indirect European immigration through Australia, North America, South America and South Africa. [325] Europeans brought English fashion etiquette to New Zealand, and until the 1950s most people dressed up for social occasions. It has contributed forces to several regional and global peacekeeping missions, such as those in Cyprus, Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Sinai, Angola, Cambodia, the Iran–Iraq border, Bougainville, East Timor, and the Solomon Islands. [332] Dunedin is a UNESCO City of Literature. [152] Because of its far-flung outlying islands and long coastline, the country has extensive marine resources. [57], In 1891 the Liberal Party came to power as the first organised political party. [79] It also included an upper house, the Legislative Council, until this was abolished in 1950. [327][328] However, the local fashion industry has grown significantly since 2000, doubling exports and increasing from a handful to about 50 established labels, with some labels gaining international recognition. [75] The queen is represented by the governor-general, whom she appoints on the advice of the prime minister. In 2020 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 32,851. [288] Many places have both their Māori and English names officially recognised. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants. [232] International visitor arrivals are expected to increase at a rate of 5.4% annually up to 2022. Social organisation was largely communal with families (whānau), subtribes (hapū) and tribes (iwi) ruled by a chief (rangatira), whose position was subject to the community's approval. Tokelau is classified as a non-self-governing territory but is administered by a council of three elders (one from each Tokelauan atoll). Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). Others are endangered or have had their range severely reduced. [39] Europeans did not revisit New Zealand until 1769 when British explorer James Cook mapped almost the entire coastline. [48] In response to the New Zealand Company's attempts to establish an independent settlement in Wellington[49] and French settlers purchasing land in Akaroa,[50] Hobson declared British sovereignty over all of New Zealand on 21 May 1840, even though copies of the Treaty were still circulating throughout the country for Māori to sign. Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. [314] Most Māori carvings feature human figures, generally with three fingers and either a natural-looking, detailed head or a grotesque head. [87] The current prime minister is Jacinda Ardern, who has been in office since 26 October 2017. Check out my website. [92], New Zealand is identified as one of the world's most stable and well-governed states. Potatoes provided a reliable food surplus, which enabled longer and more sustained military campaigns. [151] Most major cities and towns are linked by bus services, although the private car is the predominant mode of transport. In September 2020 Statistics New Zealand reported that the population had climbed above 5 million people in September 2019, according to population estimates based on the 2018 census. [334] Māori developed traditional chants and songs from their ancient Southeast Asian origins, and after centuries of isolation created a unique "monotonous" and "doleful" sound. [84] Since the 1996 election, a form of proportional representation called mixed-member proportional (MMP) has been used. [79] The governor-general appoints ministers under advice from the prime minister, who is by convention the parliamentary leader of the governing party or coalition. [196] Many seabirds breed in New Zealand, a third of them unique to the country. The Southern Alps stretch for 500 kilometres down the South Island. [324] Greenstone was fashioned into earrings and necklaces, with the most well-known design being the hei-tiki, a distorted human figure sitting cross-legged with its head tilted to the side. [166] Historical maxima and minima are 42.4 °C (108.32 °F) in Rangiora, Canterbury and −25.6 °C (−14.08 °F) in Ranfurly, Otago. [357] Victorious rugby tours to Australia and the United Kingdom in the late 1880s and the early 1900s played an early role in instilling a national identity. [149], New Zealand is long and narrow—over 1,600 kilometres (990 mi) along its north-north-east axis with a maximum width of 400 kilometres (250 mi)[150]—with about 15,000 km (9,300 mi) of coastline[151] and a total land area of 268,000 square kilometres (103,500 sq mi). [376][372] A hāngi is a traditional Māori method of cooking food using heated rocks buried in a pit oven; still used for large groups on special occasions,[377] such as tangihanga. [334] Some artists release Māori language songs, and the Māori tradition-based art of kapa haka (song and dance) has made a resurgence. This statistic shows the total population of New Zealand from 2015 to 2019, with projections up until 2025. [271], The Māori were the first people to reach New Zealand, followed by the early European settlers. [n 3][3] The population has become more diverse in recent decades: in 1961, the census reported that the population of New Zealand was 92% European and 7% Māori, with Asian and Pacific minorities sharing the remaining 1%. Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated. [21] In 1830, mapmakers began to use "North" and "South" on their maps to distinguish the two largest islands, and by 1907 this was the accepted norm. Two million was … Australia and New Zealand ranks number 1 in Oceania among subregions ranked by Population. Other major ethnic groups include Asian (15.3%) and Pacific peoples (9.0%), two-thirds of whom live in the Auckland Region. [51] With the signing of the Treaty and declaration of sovereignty, the number of immigrants, particularly from the United Kingdom, began to increase. The people of New Zealand often call themselves Kiwis. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Māori land was confiscated by the government, Programme for International Student Assessment, "Protocol for using New Zealand's National Anthems", International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Fifth Periodic Report of the Government of New Zealand, "2018 Census totals by topic – national highlights", "2018 Census totals by topic national highlights", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects: October 2020", "Household income and housing-cost statistics: Year ended June 2019", "New Zealand Daylight Time Order 2007 (SR 2007/185)", "Natural environment - Geography and geology", "European discovery of New Zealand – Tasman's achievement", "The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout:Volume 44. These areas include regions, cities and towns, local board areas, and area units. The same set of predictions believe that the population of New Zealand will be 4,834,420 in 2020, 5,213,103 in 2030, 5,502,172 in 2040, and 5,711,484 by 2050. The indigenous people of New Zealand, the Māori, have a population of 775,836, or 16.5%. In May 2020, Statistics New Zealandreported that New Zealand's population had climbed above 5 million people in March 2020; in September 2020, this was revised six months earlier to September 2019 when … ", "Tiny Bones Rewrite Textbooks, first New Zealand land mammal fossil", "Miocene mammal reveals a Mesozoic ghost lineage on insular New Zealand, southwest Pacific", "Island restoration: Exploring the past, anticipating the future", "Currencies of the territories listed in the BS exchange rate lists", "Sheep farming – Growth of the frozen meat trade, 1882–2001", "Overseas trade policy – Difficult times – the 1970s and early 1980s", "Economic history – Government and market liberalisation", "Unemployment: the Social Report 2016 – Te pūrongo oranga tangata", "New Zealand Takes a Pause in Cutting Rates", "Household Labour Force Survey: December 2010 quarter – Media Release", "Speech to ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement Seminars", "Improving Access to Markets:Agriculture", New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, "Standard International Trade Classification R4 – Exports (Annual-Jun)", "Goods and services trade by country: Year ended June 2018 – corrected", "China and New Zealand sign free trade deal", Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, "Sheep farming – Changes from the 20th century", "Dairying and dairy products – Dairying in the 2000s", "Dairying and dairy products – Dairy exports", "Dairying and dairy products – Manufacturing and marketing in the 2000s", "Agricultural and forestry exports from New Zealand: Primary sector export values for the year ending June 2010", "Appendix 1: Technical information about drinking water supply in the eight local authorities", "State highway frequently asked questions", "Science – History and Organisation in New Zealand", "Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D - OECD Data", "New Zealand's population nears 5.1 million", Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division, "New Zealand mortality statistics: 1950 to 2010", "Population change - Key population trends", "Seeking an Ethnic Identity: Is "New Zealander" a Valid Ethnic Category? [217] New Zealand has experienced a series of "brain drains" since the 1970s[221] that still continue today. The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. On Monday, Stats NZ released its quarterly estimate resident population figures which showed New Zealand notching the major milestone. [356][357] Around 54% of New Zealand adolescents participate in sports for their school. "God Save the Queen" is officially a national anthem but is generally used only on regal and viceregal occasions. Following colonisation, immigrants were predominantly from Britain, Ireland and Australia because of restrictive policies similar to the White Australia policy. Penguin, New Zealand. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) [135] The regional councils' role is to regulate "the natural environment with particular emphasis on resource management",[134] while territorial authorities are responsible for sewage, water, local roads, building consents, and other local matters. [229] New Zealand's main trading partners, as at June 2018[update], are China (NZ$27.8b), Australia ($26.2b), the European Union ($22.9b), the United States ($17.6b), and Japan ($8.4b). New Zealand has 0 cities with more than a million people, 10 cities with between 100,000 and 1 million people, and 33 … New Zealand is a remote land—one of the last sizable territories suitable for habitation to be populated and settled—and lies more than 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Australia , its nearest neighbour. © Copyright Worldometers.info - All rights reserved -, countries (and dependencies) by population, World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of New Zealand, The population density in New Zealand is 18 per Km. [317], Māori decorated the white wood of buildings, canoes and cenotaphs using red (a mixture of red ochre and shark fat) and black (made from soot) paint and painted pictures of birds, reptiles and other designs on cave walls. Population. [56] Wellington was chosen for its central location, with Parliament officially sitting there for the first time in 1865. [185], The forests were dominated by birds, and the lack of mammalian predators led to some like the kiwi, kakapo, weka and takahē evolving flightlessness. [199][200][201][202], New Zealand has an advanced market economy,[203] ranked 14th in the 2019[update] Human Development Index[9] and third in the 2020[update] Index of Economic Freedom. New Zealand’s economic freedom score is 84.1, making its economy the 3rd freest in the 2020 Index. World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. [104][105] Despite the United States' suspension of ANZUS obligations, the treaty remained in effect between New Zealand and Australia, whose foreign policy has followed a similar historical trend. The average value for New Zealand during that period was 1.18 percent with a minimum of -0.39 percent in 1979 and a maximum of 2.54 percent in 1962. New Zealand: Population growth, percent: For that indicator, we provide data for New Zealand from 1960 to 2018. New Zealand Population The population of New Zealand represents 0.06 percent of the world´s total population which arguably means that one person in every 1585 people on the planet is a resident of New Zealand. [264] New Zealand's fertility rate of 2.1 is relatively high for a developed country, and natural births account for a significant proportion of population growth. [46] In 1835, following an announcement of impending French settlement by Charles de Thierry, the nebulous United Tribes of New Zealand sent a Declaration of Independence to King William IV of the United Kingdom asking for protection. [170] Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch all receive a yearly average of more than 2,000 hours of sunshine. New Zealand has 0 cities with more than a million people, 10 cities with between 100,000 and 1 million people, and 33 … In 2019, the total population of New Zealand … [96] New Zealand ranks highly for civic participation in the political process, with 80% voter turnout during recent elections, compared to an OECD average of 68%.