Condit Dam was 125 feet in height. 2013. The breach allowed the river to flow unimpeded for the first time in nearly a century. 2003). Gimblett, H. R., C. A. Scott, and M. Hammersley. Hardiman, J. M., and M. B. Allen. Near the dam site, the White Salmon River flows through a narrow bedrock valley. Beautiful place. Retrieved from http://seattletimes.com/html/travel/ 2017960143_ trgrandcanyon15.html. It perhaps even has an impact on other ORVs, such as the natural character of the gorge, Yakama cultural values, and return- ing salmon. December. RANDY GIMBLETT is a professor at the School of Natural Resources and the Environment of the University of Arizona, Tucson. Jackson, K. 2012. WHITE SALMON, Wash., U.S. 10/27/11 (PennWell) — With a muffled roar and a puff of pulverized concrete, PacifiCorp blasted open 14.7-MW Condit Dam on Oct. 26, ending nearly a century of power generation and opening 33 miles of Washington’s White Salmon River to steelhead and salmon migration. The discharge spike on the right depicts the increase in flows immediately following dam breach before the gage failed at 13,600 cfs. We define river rewilding as the reestablishment of (1) instream aquatic and associated river-corridor terrestrial ecosystems; (2) upstream-downstream connectivity, especially for anadromous and other migratory fish; (3) hydro-geomorphological dynamics including fluxes of sediment, organic matter, dissolved oxygen, nutrients, and other constituents; and (4) social-ecological values from a range of ecosystem services, including cultural values of indigenous peoples and recreation. In late October, 2011, the White Salmon River in Washington state flowed again as the nearly 100-year-old Condit Dam was disabled. Although white-water rafting is economically important to many rural communities, it may have adverse effects during pre-spawn holding and spawning periods (Sawtooth National Forest [SNF] 1995; NOAA Fisheries 2003). Most visitors indicated that it does matter if they see other groups while on the river, and it also matters if they must wait before starting their activity. Unpublished Phd dissertation. Foundations of Ecological Resilience. The majority (77%) of visitors reported 15 people or fewer when asked what their preferred group size is to run the river. When Condit Dam was built in 1913 it decimated the Pacific Salmon and Steelhead Fishery on the White Salmon River. Guided whitewater trips can be arranged with commercial outfitters with special-use permits for the White Salmon. 2015. Further dam… Gunderson, L. H., C. R. Allen, and C. S. Holling, eds. Bureau of Land Management. In both cases, protecting and enhancing the free-flowing condition, water quality, and ORVs formed the basis for management of the wild and scenic river corridor. It may involve reintroducing large predators and keystone species and providing connectivity between core wilderness areas (Foreman 2004). 2014. 2003. Because fall Chinook salmon leave the White Salmon River shortly after they emerge, spawning and incubation are thought to be among the most critical stages for their life cycle in freshwater (Quinn 2005). Foreman, D. 2004. Columbia Riverkeeper’s 9-min. White Salmon River. Middle Fork of the Salmon. The White Salmon has experienced tremendous growth from approximately 4,000 visitors in 1987 to nearly 20,000 in 2007 (Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area Interagency Team 2014). The process involved collaboration among a diverse group of stakeholders, from PacifiCorp (the owner of the dam), the Yakama Nation, NOAA Fisheries, federal and state agencies including the Forest Service (USFS), various environmental groups, and river raft/ running companies. The Condit was decommissioned largely to reintroduce anadromous fish to the river and involved collaboration among many interests. The Condit Dam removal and moving forward in the White Salmon River. Parts of the river have been designated Wild and Scenic.

In late October, 2011, the White Salmon River in Washington state flowed again as the nearly 100-year-old Condit Dam was disabled with explosives. Bonneville does include fish ladders, although the large concentration of salmon awaiting their opportunity to swim upstream now attracts several California sea lions who prey on the fish. Rewilding may take the form of ecological restoration (Sandom et al. Langshaw, and T. N. Pearsons. Correspondingly, when asked how many people are in their group, the vast majority (90%) stated 15 people or fewer. Washines, E. 2011. John T wrote a review Jul 2018. The Condit Hydroelectric Project, owned by PacifiCorp, includes 144-m long Condit Dam which is 38-m high, with a 38-m spillway. Recreational Use Levels on the White Salmon River. However, sustained monitoring, enhanced participation of private land owners as well as other stakeholders, and active management consistent with protecting and enhancing the river as required under the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act are needed to protect multiple ORVs. Fish, floatboats, and feds: The impact of commercial floatboating on ESA listed salmon, disproportionate regulation and directions for recovery throughout the Columbia River Basin. Unpublished manuscript. 1997) that allows for free-flowing conditions with variations in temperature, oxygen, and nutrients required for the primary productivity and trophic diversity essential to the functioning of aquatic habitats. The White Salmon River basin, from its headwaters on Mount Adams to the Columbia River. Bodies of Water. It provides food and water for people, farms, native plants and wildlife, and vital spawning grounds for native fish. November. In 1986, the lower White Salmon River was designated Wild and Scenic between Gilmer Creek and Buck Creek. The White Salmon River continues a steady recovery since the removal of Condit Dam, but uncertainties linger for some stakeholders through the river’s healing process. Burns, R. C., A. R. Graefe, K. Robinson, and S. Woodruff. Final report submitted to the USDA Forest Service, Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area Pacific Northwest (R6) Region Hood River, Oregon. A. Stanford. Native fish species, including Chinook salmon, now can return to a river they have not visited for nearly a century (Figure 3). J. 69 Reviews #12 of 60 things to do in Hood River. River flows (cubic feet per second) in the White Salmon River from August 1, 2011 to dam breach on October 26, 2011. Bedrock confinement extends upstream for several kilometers, including the 3 m tall Husum Falls 7km upstream of the dam site. It is estimated that approximately 25,000 boaters, mostly in paddle rafts and kayaks, use the river each year. This case exemplifies how challenges to dam removal, such as a lack of data and scientific knowledge, dissent among stakeholders, and economic barriers can be overcome so that rivers can begin to be rewilded. With a viable population of Chi- nook salmon returning to the river and the Yakama Nation poised to reestablish its traditional salmon fish- ing practices, the question that can be asked is if the river is really being properly managed for the ORVs determined according to the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act. Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area Interagency Recreation Team: Recreation Report and Recommended Interim Strategies. Dam decommissioning and removal is gaining acceptance with increasing implementation across the United States and globally, and can result in rewilding river ecosystems, which are indispensable to ensure lasting social-ecological resilience. 2004. The final blast dislodged the last part of the main wall of the drain tunnel and the reservoir behind it. In the face of increasing river use, the challenge is to make deliberate and well-informed decisions about what kind of place the White Salmon River should be for consistency with its wild and scenic river designation and the mix of recreation opportunities desired in the future. Condit Dam was 125 feet in height. The Behavior and Ecology of Pacific Salmon and Trout. There, dams pre- vented salmon from reaching their spawning grounds; disrupted eco- system functions including sediment transport and deposition that influenced flow regimes, vegetative cycles, and succession; and reduced the potential for wilderness experiences (Wunderlich et al. [8] Other habitat restoration activities continue on the White Salmon River and other tributaries of this river basin. The decommissioning of the Elwha and Glines Canyon Dams represents an important precedent for progressive water management and the evolution of the perception of removal of dams as a method of social-ecological resilience. The White Salmon River is located only 90 minutes from the Portland/Vancouver area. The 13.7-megawatt Condit Project, located on the White Salmon River in Skamania and Klickitat counties, Washington, was completed in 1913 and produced hydroelectricity for the paper industry in Washington and the growing communities in and near Portland. US Department of Agriculture (USDA), Pacific Northwest Region. We report on the 2011 removal of the Condit Dam on the Lower White Salmon River, which had been declared wild and scenic in 1986. Of multiple forms of impairment, damming rivers can have especially pernicious social-ecological effects. In 1986, the lower White Salmon between Gilmer Creek and Buck Creek was designated wild and scenic based on the formal approach outlined above. In 2005, the upper river between the headwaters and the boundary of the Gifford Pinchot National Forest was added to the designation. 2015). This river offers some of the best class III– IV rapids in a natural setting and it is runnable year-round. The Salmon River is located in Idaho in the western United States, also known as "The River of No Return. In 2007, we met Pat Arnold and Jim Wells on the White Salmon River, 3 months after a report on removing the century-old Condit Dam.. Geomorphology 228: 765–786. This river is an invaluable social, recreational, agricultural and … White Salmon River. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 71(4): 602–615. Condit Dam Removal: Final SEPA Supple- mental Environmental Impact Statement (FSEIS). The principal focus was to better manage Special Use Permits to limit conflicts among visitors during high-use seasons. of this explosion. Report. WHITE SALMON, Wash. -- On the shores of the White Salmon River, tree stumps pock the hillside. Lower White Salmon: National Wild and Scenic River Management Plan. Moreover, the dam held back valuable sediment needed to replenish downstream river habitat. CHRISTOPHER A. SCOTT is a professor of geography and development and research professor of water resources policy at the University of Arizona, focusing on river-basin resilience in the US Southwest, the Andes, and Himalayas; email: cascott@email.arizona.edu. The Condit removal has provided an increased opportunity for anadromous fish in the river upstream of the old dam site to BZ falls (Figure 2). Playing next. The White Salmon River is used for whitewater boating nearly year-round. Approximately 10,000 people float the popular Middle Fork of the Salmon River through the Frank Church – River of No Return Wilderness in Idaho on permitted trips (Middle Fork 2015). In 2011, 700 tons of dynamite released the dam’s sediment and waters from Northwest Lake. The day-use area at the put-in includes parking, restrooms, and toilets. The natural flow regime: A paradigm for river conservation and restoration. Those management targets range from as low as 325 and 19,600 on river section 4 to the highest range on river section 2 of 1,700 and 74,100 (United States Department of Interior [USDI] 1993). White Salmon Outstandingly Remarkable Values. Amazing river with an interesting history (the dam was removed in 2011, allowing the river to run free, which changed the topography). September. East, A. E., G. R. Pess, J. Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area Interagency Team. B. Logan, and M. C. Liermann. February. Chinook salmon will have access to an additional 12 miles of habitat upstream of the dam site, and steel- head (Oncorhynchus mykiss) will have access to an additional 33 miles of habitat (Northwest Power and Conservation Council [NPCC] 2004). Abstract: Dam removal is a major contribution to rewilding of rivers, through restoring riverine ecosystems; reconnecting upstream and downstream wilderness for fish, predators, and humans; and enhancing social-ecological resilience to climate change and other stressors. The “new” section of river flowing to the Columbia from what used to be Northwestern Lake has been termed the “Lower Lower” section of the White Salmon River. White Salmon River monitoring study summer 2016. US Department of Interior. Access restored to White Salmon River, successful Condit Dam removal November 5, 2012. clip includes the dam’s history. The 125-foot high dam was an impassable barrier and limited salmon and steelhead to only three river miles. A. Bountry, C. S. Magirl, A. C. Ritchie. Lessons from Efforts to Rewild and Protect ORVs. (Issues July 2003.). 2003. Rafting into the wild in Arizona’s Grand Canyon. Our analysis strongly indicates the need for improved postremoval management to ensure protection of ORVs. November. BioScience 47: 769–784. However, in the wake of this collaborative effort a potential conflict of use has recently arisen; how much recreation use is too much, what level of use is sustainable, and what forms and levels of use have harmful effects on the river ecosystem and ultimately the Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) that are recovering? To be eligible for designation as wild and scenic, a river must be free-flowing and possess one or more ORVs. 1991. The Yakama culture and liveli- hoods are very closely tied to the salmon runs that have historically occurred throughout the Columbia River Basin (Columbia River Inter- Tribal Fish Commission 2014). US Department of Agriculture (USDA), Forest Service and Columbia Gorge Commission. Poff, N. L., J. D. Allan, M. A. Palmer, D. D. Hart, B. D. Richter, A. H. Arthington, and J. Specifically, for the  White Salmon, does recreational boating compromise salmon habitat? 2011. 2015. Retrieved from http://www.yakamanationnsn.gov/history. Condit Dam had been built in 1913 and by the 1970s, seven additional dam projects were being proposed along the White Salmon. 1:58. 1994. A popular spot to launch a raft or kayak is the public put-in at the unincorporated community of BZ Corner. Wunderlich, R. C., B. D. Winter, and J. H. Meyer. Washington State Department of Ecology. As this rewilding is in process, social and ecological conditions continue to change. Cook, WA: US Geological Survey, Columbia River Research Laboratory. 2015). Reduced habitat quantity, reduced channel stability, and increased peak flow may also limit productivity of fall Chinook salmon in the White Salmon River (Allen and Connolly 2005). The Columbia River Inter- Tribal Fish Commission. The Yakama Nation Main Agency Offices. To put use levels on the White Salmon River in perspective, about 26,000 people raft the Colorado River from Lee’s Ferry to Diamond Creek each year on permitted trips (Jackson 2012), including both private and commercial users. Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission. During the summer of 2011 Pacficorp drilled and blasted a drain tunnel at the base of the dam. Fornander, D. E. 2008. only dam between the White Salmon River and the ocean. Full day whitewater tours will also take visitors rafting through the former Condit Dam/Northwestern Lake portion of the White Salmon River and to the Columbia River confluence. The Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation. Idaho Habitat Branch, Northwest Region. This river was rarely run until Condit Dam was removed in 2011 providing passage and river flows for rafters, kayakers, and fish. MIA HAMMERSLEY is a student of the Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Program at the James E. Rogers College of Law at the University of Arizona and completed a master’s of science in water, society and policy at the University of Arizona’s School of Natural Resources and the Environment; email: miahammersley@email.arizona.edu. In this article, we explore the challenges and barriers to rewilding the White Salmon River and discuss the ORVs that must be understood, negotiated, and managed for rewilding to be effective. See never-before-seen video of the dam's lake draining, and find out how the end result is affecting habitat for salmon spawning. Share. The Summer of 2012 was spent in the actual removal of the main dam structure and timber coffer dam. 2014. Read more. Caution is still advised as the rapids on the lower river are significant. NOAA Fisheries. Rewilding can be defined as large-scale conservation aimed at restoring and protecting ecological processes and critical wilderness character. 2015. When visitors were asked what type of experience they think should be provided, more than one-third (38%) reported undeveloped recreation. Washington, DC: Island Press. Quinn, T. P. 2005. 6 years ago | 2 views. In fact, recreation may now be putting pressure on other system components – namely species and habitats that are known to be vulnerable to human disturbance. Northwestern Reservoir drained in under an hour, revealing the muddy canyon and old timber coffer dam far below. A year after a dynamite blast punched a hole in the Condit Dam, the last remnants of the structure are gone and access restrictions on the White Salmon River are now lifted downstream of Northwestern Park. According to the USDA (1991), “The plan will ordinarily be revised on a 10-year cycle, or at least every 15 years. 1995. Retrieved from http://www.recreation.gov/permits/ Middle_Fork_Of_The_Salmon_4_ Rivers/r/wildernessAreaDetails.do?contra ctCode=NRSO&parkId=75534. 2010). (2010) con- ducted a river use study on the White Salmon. Gimblett, H. R. 2016. In addition, we reflect on the importance of river monitoring data and scientific knowledge to aid in protecting ORVs. 14th Annual White Salmon River Fest – 2020 dates TBD The White Salmon River Fest celebrates the White Salmon River, the communities, and the natural and cultural history that surrounds this watershed. 1994). University of Arizona, Tucson. Harnish, R. A., R. Sharma, G. A. McMichael, R.B. PacifiCorp, a utilities company that owns and operates Condit Dam, has proposed to decommission … Biological Opinion- Outfitted/Guided Commercial and Non-Outfitted Float Boating and Walk/ Wade Angling Special Use Permit Renewals. The principal tributaries of the White Salmon River include Trout Lake and Buck, Mill, Dry, Gilmer, and Rattlesnake Creeks.[6]. The Yakama Nation was a key player in the removal of the Condit Dam in 2011. The Summer of 2012 was sp… [4], On October 26, 2011, the Condit Dam on the White Salmon River was intentionally breached as part of the dam's decommissioning by PacifiCorp. These effects include loss of ecosystem connectivity, alterations in temperature, dissolved oxygen, and nutrient fluxes, as well as degradation or elimination of human use and recreation. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015-1100. Gurnee, Illinois 41 contributions 13 helpful votes. The dam has also blocked the upstream spawning migration of white sturgeon, although they still spawn in the Columbia River below Bonneville… River flows and water wars: Emerging science for environmental decision making. Specifically, the researchers wanted to identify any perceptions of crowding, acceptable number of times to see others, accept- able time to wait before starting their activity, reasons for recreating, quality of facilities and services, and how others impact their experience. As the most popular river in the Columbia River Gorge, the White Salmon is a top destination for boaters nationwide. Management Plan for the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area. The Lower Deschutes River has daily and seasonal targets for boaters established by river segment. The river is recovering, both socially and ecologically, after the removal of the Condit Dam. 2010. Increased stresses such as increased boating use on the river may be detrimental and result in slowing down the rewilding and recovery processes. Seattle: University of Washington Press. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1(6): 298–306. Cameras continuously recorded boating activities from a fixed position along the river between June 27 and October 5. River capacity should be formally examined to preserve and protect the ORVs established for the White Salmon River in the 1991 management plan and adequately maintain its status as a federally designated wild and scenic river. Rewilding. In addition, other assumptions suggest rafts and kayaks (float boats) may impact spawning salmon by either delaying onset of spawning or eliciting more rapid spawning than would occur under natural conditions (Fornander 2008). However, their protection involves potential conflict with other river uses, such as hydro- power, irrigation, and recreation (Poff et al. Effect of hydroelectric dam operations on the freshwater productivity of a Columbia River fall Chinook salmon population. Sawtooth National Forest (SNF), Sawtooth National Recreation Area (SNRA). Technical report of the Interagency Wild and Scenic Rivers Coordinating Council. Abstract: Dam removal is a major contribution to rewilding of rivers, through restoring riverine ecosystems; reconnecting upstream and downstream wilderness for fish, predators, and humans; and enhancing social-ecological resilience to climate change and other stressors.We report on the 2011 removal of the Condit Dam on the Lower White Salmon River, which had been declared wild and scenic … The final blast dislodged the last part of the main wall of the drain tunnel and the reservoir behind it. Washington, DC: Island Press. Results also showed that visitors indicated the number of people they saw was about what they expected or less. php. The dam, at river kilometer (rkm) 5.3, was breached in 2011 and completely removed by September 14, 2012. White Salmon River, Hood River: Address, Phone Number, White Salmon River Reviews: 5/5. Lionel Adam. With the breaching on Condit dam anadromous fish populations of salmon, steelhead, and Pacific lamprey once again swim upstream. Follow. This river offers some of the best class III-IV rapids around and the glaciers of Mt. Spring and Fall Chinook Salmon, Coho, Steelhead, Pacific Lamprey, and other fish species only had access to a 3.3 miles of habitat below Condit Dam. Sandom, C., C. J. Donlan, J. C. Svenning, and D. Hansen. Large-scale dam removal on the Elwha River, Washington, USA: River channel and floodplain geomorphic change. Successful and illustrative examples of rewilding through decommissioning dams are unfolding on the Elwha River on the Olympic Peninsula in western Washington (East et al. Last October, 700 pounds of dynamite changed that. Relatively low gradient tributaries such as Trout Lake Creek enter the mainstem from the west. The White Salmon River is more than a playground for whitewater enthusiasts. Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC). Cur- rent growth in river use (Figure 5) threatens the ability for the river to adequately rewild. Date of experience: June 2018. [7]. The Condit Dam on the White Salmon River in the vicinity of Mount Adams in Washington State (Figure 1) was removed in 2011, largely for the purpose of reintroducing anadromous fish species back to the river (Washington State Department of Ecology 2007). 2009 White Salmon Wild and Scenic River Recreation Use Study: An Evaluation of River Use Patterns. 1997. 1999. He has been engaged in research work studying human-landscape interactions and their associated conflicts and public policies related to protection of special environments and environmental experiences for more than three decades; email: Gimblett@ag.arizona.edu. Location of the mouth of the White Salmon River in Washington, https://waterdata.usgs.gov/wa/nwis/uv/?site_no=14123500&PARAmeter_cd=00060,00065, "The Volcanoes of Lewis & Clark: April 14, 1806 Columbia River Gorge – Dog Mountain to Major Creek", "Spectacular Time-Lapse Video of Historic Dam Removal", https://ucdwa.org/mill-creek-fish-passage-project, https://www.columbian.com/news/2019/nov/19/pacificorp-yakama-nation-ok-land-deal-along-white-salmon-river/, The White Salmon River Runs Free: Breaching the Condit Dam, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=White_Salmon_River&oldid=999896950, Wild and Scenic Rivers of the United States, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 14:15. With the White Salmon once again flowing freely into the Columbia River, migrating salmon and steelhead have only the Bonneville Dam just downstream from the confluence to overcome. The opportunity for the boating community to float past the dam site and continue down to the Columbia River has prompted much interest. The White Salmon River runs through a remote, rugged, and thriving wildland setting and is sustained by the human communities that live, work, and play there. During the summer of 2011 Pacficorp drilled and blasted a drain tunnel at the base of the dam. This approach is less formulaic than the conventional agency-based approach and often requires professional judgment, with input sought and documented from organizations and individuals familiar with specific river resources (US Department of Agriculture [USDA] 2011). Two wooden fish ladders were constructed on Condit Dam in the early years, but were washed out with the flooding and high water on the river. Browse more videos. This designation was based on five ORVs (USDA 1991), although only one is needed for eligibility: The ORVs required were proposed by the USFS as the administering agency to “protect and enhance” the river’s free-flowing condition, water quality, and its ORVs. In 2010, Burns et al. Rivers are crucial to the ecological functioning of core areas, particularly because of biotic and abiotic corridor connectivity, trophic order in lentic (wetlands) and lotic (rapids) systems, and biodiversity and habitat value in general. It is prudent to say that management strategies are needed to protect other ORVs, implemented via a  management  plan  that more accurately accounts for growing use levels and expectations on the river. In the case of the Elwha, although the dams were originally perceived to provide various social-ecological benefits to the surrounding region, the cultural and environmental benefits of removing and rewilding the river can ultimately outweigh costs. Recent studies were undertaken in 2014 (Gimblett et al. Seattle Times. The White Salmon River is well known as a white-water rafting and kayaking destination (Figure 4). The White Salmon Narrows (a.k.a 'Lower Lower' or 'Bottom') is a uniquely beautiful section of river known for it's Narrows below Steelhead Falls. Effects of the Main Salmon River float boating activities on Snake River sockeye salmon and Snake River spring/summer Chinook salmon, biological assessment (BA). Condit Dam is about 3.3 miles (5.3 km) upstream of the confluence. These irrigation dams may be full/partial barriers to resident trout populations. Therefore, per width and length, the White Salmon River is one of the most heavily used rafting and kayaking rivers in the country, with the Forest Service being the permitting agency for the commercial rafting companies (Gimblett et al. After nearly a century of serving customers, PacifiCorp began in late August of 2011 to physically remove the dam, fulfilling a … Lower Deschutes River Management Plan Record of Decision. Poff, N. L., J. D. Allan, M. B. Bain, J. R. Karr, K. L. Prestegaard, B. D. Richter, and J. C. Stromberg. Advocates feared these dams would bury the river’s dynamic character and bedrock geology underneath endless acres of reservoir water. The lack of discernable criteria for determining, monitoring, and evaluating river use capacity on the White Salmon River is problematic in properly managing for ORVs and are without ways to assess the ORV validity and longevity. During this part of 2016, more than 5,475 rafts, 2,911 kayaks, and 31,926 visitors were recorded and documented on the river (Gimblett 2016). Key Topics in Conservation Biology 2: 430–451. Report prepared for Exploratory Grants, Institute of the Environment, University of Arizona, Tucson. Northwestern Reservoir drained in under an hour, revealing the muddy canyon and old timber coffer dam far below. 69 Reviews #12 of 60 things to do in Hood River. The White Salmon River is a 44-mile (71 km) tributary of the Columbia River in the U.S. state of Washington. American River’s clip shows 38 secs. [9] All indication points towards increased Pacific Salmon and Steelhead runs since Condit Dam was fully removed in 2012. Retrieved from: http://indiancountry- todaymedianetwork.com/2011/10/27/ condit-dam-removal-and-moving-forward- white-salmon-river. On the White Salmon River, NOAA Fisheries are responsible for upholding the protection of endangered species such as Chinook salmon. Their work showed that most visitors did not feel crowded on their trip. Use levels are increasing, potentially threatening both the outstandingly remarkable values (ORVs) for which the river was designated and rewilding benefits set in motion by dam removal. [3] Originating on the slopes of Mount Adams, it flows into the Columbia Gorge near the community of Underwood. Ultimately, agencies, an array of stakeholders, the Yakama Nation, and the public need to come together to make conscious decisions about the kind of recreation opportunities and conditions they want to see and properly man- age for on the White Salmon River. The Wild and Scenic Rivers Act provides overall legal authority and requirements for planning and management of rivers that are components of the National Wild and Scenic River System. US Department of Interior (USDI). We address whether significant increases in one of the ORVs established under the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act compromise the other values, and if so, whether it threatens river rewilding. Fisheries 19(8): 11–19. Indian Country Today.

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Feel crowded on their trip was 5 times on average Plan: Portland, Oregon Northwest. 1986, the lower White Salmon River is recovering, both socially and ecologically after. Things to do in Hood River passage and River flows and water for people, farms, native and. Is restoration of the Interagency Wild and Scenic River management Plan for the White Salmon ] all points! Commercial and Non-Outfitted float boating and Walk/ Wade Angling Special use permits limit! Moreover, the White Salmon River and the boundary of the natural flow regime: Vision! Is estimated that approximately 25,000 boaters, mostly in paddle rafts and kayaks use... People are in their group, the lower White Salmon River is used for whitewater enthusiasts on... Discharge spike on the freshwater productivity of a Columbia River Gorge, the dam site, social and ecological continue! Video of the drain tunnel at the unincorporated community of BZ Corner upstream. 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